How Much Do You Know About Surgical Bed?

Operating bed, also known as operating bed, can support patients during surgery and adjust their position according to surgical needs, providing a convenient surgical environment for doctors. It is one of the basic equipment in the operating room.

Classification of operating theatre beds

According to the driving and control methods, they can be divided into three types: lateral control operating theatre bed, head control operating theatre bed and electric hydraulic operating theatre bed.

According to the department of the operating room, they can be divided into comprehensive operating theatre bed and specialized operating theatre bed. The comprehensive operating theatre bed is suitable for cardiothoracic surgery, neurosurgery, orthopedics, ophthalmology, obstetrics and gynecology, otolaryngology, and urology. Specialized operating theatre beds include obstetric beds, orthopedic operating beds, neurosurgery operating beds, and ophthalmology beds, etc.

Working principle of hydraulic operating theatre bed

The manual hydraulic transmission operating bed uses the cylinder as the executing element to control various movements of the table. Most of the posture movements are realized by a pneumatic spring-assisted system controlled manually, and the lifting and lowering movements are completed by the foot-operated oil pump system driving the column device.

The electric hydraulic operating bed is powered by electric hydraulic. According to the clinical needs of the operating theatre bed, by pressing the corresponding buttons on the controller and controlling the mainboard, the hydraulic motor can be started and the hydraulic pump can work, thereby controlling the operating bed to perform various position changes, such as lifting, tilting left and right, moving and fixing, etc., to meet the requirements of surgical operations. When the button is released, the tabletop stops moving, and the surgery bed remains in that position. The operating theatre bed is equipped with a limit switch, which is used to limit the operation of the surgery bed to the safe range.

Scope of application of operating theatre bed

The basic function of the operating bed is to adjust surgical positions and expose the surgical field, making the operation go smoothly. There are five main types of surgical positions: prone position, supine position, lateral position, lithotomy position, and sitting position.

  • Prone position is mainly used for spinal surgery.

  • Supine position is suitable for general surgery, cardiothoracic surgery, and other common surgeries.

  • Lateral position is suitable for gallbladder, kidney, and anal surgery.

  • Lithotomy position is suitable for obstetrics, urology, and other surgeries.

  • Sitting position is suitable for neurosurgery, nasopharynx, and other surgeries.

Precautions for operating theatre bed use

  • Place the wires properly to prevent tripping.

  • Do not operate the surgery bed or move the patient when it is not locked and fixed to prevent tipping.

  • Do not let the patient sit on the headboard or footboard of the operating theatre bed to prevent excessive weight from bending the accessories.

  • The electric adjustable operating theatre bed needs to be charged on time to prevent insufficient power during surgery.

  • Regularly check the functions of the surgery bed, do maintenance work and ensure that it is available as needed.

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